Public Questions

A game changing energy technology paralleling the supply demands of fossil fuel and nuclear power plants while superseding all current methods. 

Galvanic Enhanced Electrolysis is a fully scale-able energy generation method, breaking through the efficiency barrier and paving the way to a hydrogen based clean energy future.

Public Questions

Q: Are you claiming to create energy?

A: Energy is not being created, which is impossible, but rather two energies are being transformed and combined into a greater energy. The hydrogen atom can be a fuel but is bound is water molecules. This technology is simply a highly efficient method of releasing it from that bonded state. What is unique is the amount of external energy needed to split the bond. Because there are two electrical energies (electricity and galvanic energy) combined in the H2IL technology the viewer may only focus on the usable input energy and overlook the unseen galvanic energy. A small input usable energy stimulates a electrochemical reaction to increase a natural charge potential of the added secondary galvanic energy which provides most the charge potential for water electrolysis.
 
Not to be undermined however, is the revolutionary aspects of this type of energy generation. Most other known energy generation methods is a combination of electrical (electrical to magnetic) and kinetic. The combination of electrical and electrical energy makes for an energy generation method that is not reliant on the common kinetic motion form turbines harvesting wind, water steam or sea flow. That is game changing as it opens doors to a versatile range of energy generation methods and chemical fuel synthesis.

Q: Do you have a single video proving it works?

A: Yes: Video.1. Video.2. In addition please refer to the verification page which including real-time CCTV footage of many tests performed using a PEM fuel cell to calculate the efficiency. Using data lodging power supply and electronic load, the reports prove a greater electrical energy output than the supplied input power.

Q: Do the metals providing the galvanic energy consume rapidly?

A:  No. You could compare the life of the electrodes to that of a batteries electrode which lasts many years of constant charge discharge cycles. The technology does not split the water molecules using brute force electricity, which would consume electrodes. Also the electrolyte is pre-conditioned to become an ionic substance which becomes more anodic than the electrodes. The chemistry is quite complex but accomplishing an energy combination at an ionic level means very little energy loss and ease of molecule separation

Q: What is the galvanic energy cost to produce hydrogen compared to the cost of hydrogen?

A: The galvanic energy harvested from low cost and abundant metals comes at a cost. Even nuclear energy consumes metals, but very expensive and scarce metals. And like renewable energy equipment maintenance, a monthly service schedule keeps people employed. Based on the current price for metal and cost for hydrogen at the pump, there is a very attractive business model to be realized. For example, a one cubic meter cell producing 360 SLPM or 2 Kg of hydrogen per hour while self-powering from it’s internal galvanic energy, would consume US$500 of metal over that month period. The quick exchange electrode system enables 1 to 2 hour monthly service to recharge the 1 cubic meter cell. Therefore, based on the current end-user cost for the metal electrodes, the cost to produce the 1,440 Kg of hydrogen (2Kg/Hr over 30 days) is US$500 plus 2 hours labor.

 

The retail cost of 1,440 Kg of hydrogen is US$20,160 based on US$14 per Kg. Therefore 1440Kg of hydrogen for $500 equated to 0.34c per Kg or $10 per megawatt of energy. The galvanic metal cost of US$500 is the price that H2IL pays for the metal. In a commercial wholesale application that cost could be halved.

Q: Do you use high-cost metals for the electrodes?

A: No. The technology does not require expensive and scarce metals such as platinum, ruthenium or iridium used in most PEM type electrolysers. The electrodes are made from low-cost, abundant metals.

Q: Does your technology support renewable energies?

A: Absolutely! The renewable sector is desperately looking for an efficient means of energy storage. With this technology being over 50 times more efficient than conventional electrolysis it is extremely efficient and produces much more hydrogen, per land area of solar or wind, than conventional electrolysis. In addition it continues to generate a reduced amount when the sun does not shine or the wind does not blow. 

Q: How is a single company able to achieve what most technical institutes world wide along with the $80B nuclear fusion world have not - and with such simplicity?

A: Energy combination at an ionic level is uncharted waters in mainstream science. When an atom is in a stable state, its strength requires brute force energy to manipulate. But when an atom is an ion it is much easier to combine energies through redox reactions. The science is complex but very logical and we don't need to split or fuse atoms to achieve self-sustaining energy.

Science has changed and new technology has reshaped our lives over the past 100 years. Many inventions grew from one or two individual with the ability to think outside the box and push the boundaries. It took just one man to invent the light bulb...

Q: Are you receiving much opposition from the science world given the claims?

A: At first the science world was sceptical even critical of the concept. Now with a clearer understanding of the combination of two proven types of electrochemical cells a greater acceptance is definitely noted. The published verification tests with timestamped CCTV footage is compelling evidence inciting many scientists to look closer into the technology.

Q: Why don't you submit papers for scientific peer review?

A: We have no desire to gain the approval of the academic societies for the following reasons: 1/ We have obtained patents in all major countries proving the novelty of the claims. The patent process is a very rigid exercise as patent inspectors require the science to be sound for approval. We were required, by most patent offices, to present added background information to the inspectors (who have degrees and are accountable for their decisions) before the application was granted. Therefore approval is sufficient support that the science is sound. 2/ The hidden IP is of great value and must be incorporated for the apparatus to work. Peer review requires all IP to be published for assessment. 3/ Peer review is not solid, sound proof the technology actually works in practice but rather that the science is permitted to be published in a scientific journal. (Reference) 4/ The process is a time consuming distraction consuming many months or even years with very little added value.

 

While not obtaining scientific publication restricts our ability to freely obtain independent assessments and verification, the proof is demonstrated in the actual working models and demonstrations we are performing for approved candidates. Any major corporation that acquires the technology would agree with and see the wisdom in this decision to protect the hidden IP.

Q: What are the patent number?

A: The technology has secured final patents in all major countries: Patent List. Through discretion we have been advised to only give out patent numbers to valid candidates following satisfactory dialogue.

Q: Is the output gas pure hydrogen or Hydrogen/Oxygen mix (HHO)?

A: Pure hydrogen. In conventional electrolysis including HHO the Anode is a solid metal plate that oxidises the OH- ion forming a bubble of oxygen gas. Within the electrochemical process of this cell, the by-product is very hungry for oxygen ions and consumes ALL the oxygen produced in the process. The Oxygen ion forms a covalent bonds with this  Anodic bi-product which in turn is removed with liquid circulation.  (Note: We believe OH- ion is oxidised prior to reaching the Anode therefor we state an O2- ion rather than a diatomic OH- anion with reference to oxidisation at the anode).

We have confirmed the gas quality with: 1/ Oxygen line flow sensors,  2/ Ignition testing 3/ Chemical testing for other impurities and 4/ Direct feed to a PEM Fuel Cell (PEMFC).  A PEMFC is very sensitive to impure gas and the performance would drop off should the hydrogen not be 99.99% pure. We achieve a steady 1.73% higher voltage with a 50% load on the PEMFC. (1.73% higher than hydrogen feed from a PEM Electrolyser with a rated 99.99% purity. both gasses were at the same temperature). These results are matched each time we run a three hour test. We have run enough tests on the PEMFC to be convinced that the output hydrogen is extremely pure. 

It is also to be noted that the hydrogen is more pure than that obtained from reformation, which inherently has a carbon-monoxide (CO) contamination content as high as 2% in some cases.

Q: A high pressure PEM type electrolyser can generate a potentially lethal mix of H2 and pure O2 if the membrane perforates caused by an error in pressure difference between each side of the PEM. While your electrolyser does not use PEM technology is there any mode or condition where pure oxygen can mix in with the output hydrogen?

A: This is non PEM type technology. This technology incorporates a science where the Oxygen ion is consumed by the galvanic energy to produce an internal charge potential. (Note: We believe OH- ion is oxidised prior to reaching the Anode therefor we state an O2- ion rather than a diatomic OH- anion with reference to oxidisation at the anode).

The redox reaction is hungry for charged oxygen ions therefore the output gas is free of O2. This is also confirmed in the fact that chlorine (Cl) is not released. If ionic salt type electrolyte comes in contact with a charged oxygen ion the Cl separates from Na forming chlorine gas. You will note in the verification test series that we use a PEM Fuel cell stack connected directly to the G.E.E. cell output. If either O2 or Cl are present in the mix the PEMFC will react and this reaction will be noticed by a radical and unstable output voltage on the attached volt meter. Chlorine will also destroy the PEMFC. Months of verification tests with the PEMFC have proven that no unstable occurs where oxygen is released. That being said, hydrogen should ALWAYS pass through a gravity separator before pressure filled into tanks!

Q: Does this overcome the potentially lethal high pressure storage of hydrogen at fueling stations?

A: Since this hydrogen generator runs constantly 24/7 there is no need to store large volumes of gas in tanks for when the sun doesn't shine or the wind doesn't blow. Also the output hydrogen purity is cleaner than reformed gas and free of oxygen enabling much safer conditions for pressurizing the gas to the level needed for automotive fueling. 

Q: Does the gas need to be pressurized and stored if a fuel cell is run directly from the generator?

A: No storage is needed. Any hydrogen fuel cell can run directly from the output gas. This supports many power supply applications including a safe means of charging EV's.

Q: Is the waste bi-product acidic or harmful to the environment?

A: No. The preconditioning of the electrolyte does not use acids or any non eco-friendly substance. The bi-product does have commercial applications so has a usable market value.

The technology does NOT consume Zinc or Aluminium in a solution of acid or any form of acid mix!

Q: What do you add to the electrolyte to enable it to become the anode?

A: This level of information is hidden intellectual I/P and not open to the public. The concept of hidden IP preventing replication is not welcomed by the science academic society, but It gives the patents extra strength and makes it more attractive for acquisition. We can confirm that the process added to the electrolyte is not acidic so the waste bi-product is environmentally friendly.

Q: Conventional electrolysers generate 20g per KWh, what is the conversion rate of your generator?

A:  There being an additional elctrctochemical reaction (galvanic) the conversion rate depends on the size of the cell. The 1 cubic meter cell produces 1Kg for 2KWh of input electricity which equates to 500g/KWh. Whereas the small 0.004 cubic meter demo unit used in the verification process delivers 5g/75Wh (75 watts for one hour). Calculated from 1 SLPM for 80Wh. The output can also increase on a logarithmic scale with increased input power. 

Q: For the galvanic energy to not be depleted the galvanic energy density would have to be massive and there for reprocessing the electrodes would require the energy input of all the hydrogen galvanically produced in the cells life time?

A: The typical amount of energy to dissociate each water mole is 237kJ therefore conventional electrolytic cells need a lot of electrical energy with much of it converting to heat. The redox reactions to charge an atom requires most of this energy. However, in this application the galvanic energy is already a changed atom, in an ionic state. Ions need much less energy to carryout a task or form a bond. Therefore much less galvanic energy mass than one may assume when calculate external electron flow from stable atoms. As stated and confirmed the metal cost equates to $0.34 per Kg of hydrogen which has an energy density of 33kW.

Q: I don't understand how this is a free energy and how it's unlimited?

A: The term 'Free Energy' refers to a natural form of energy, not so much the cost factor to harvest the energy. There is always a cost factor in any form of renewable energy and the commercial system that exists needs a cost factor to function. If energy was free then no one would be providing energy to the world. The energy derived from metals (like nuclear energy) is a natural, free energy. But it also cost money to harvest this energy. Yes the commercial system must be fed in order for it to feed us. Since (in this case) the metals can be recycled then it is limitless. The low cost metals provide energy to the supplier at a cost of $10 per Megawatt - constant energy 24/7. That means we all benefit.

Q: Are you selling shares or equipment to the public?

A: No! We are not setting up for production and are not looking for finance. While H2IL have the capacity to start production, our goal is to assign patents or rights to an organisation large enough to integrate the infrastructure world wide. Our commitment is to donate 90% of all profits to natural disaster relief programs. 

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