Is efficiency greater than 100% possible?
Does it defy laws of thermodynamics?
How does the system life cycle compare with other forms of sustainable energy?
Since, in this application, galvanic energy is harvested from metals, a comparison to nuclear energy could be made. Common nuclear power generation uses an energy stored in certain scarce metals. The nuclear reaction generates thermal energy to boil water into steam that turns turbines. However in H2IL’s Galvanic Enhanced Electrolysis system, hydrogen is generated as the output energy. This too presents a game changing energy method. Unlike steam, hydrogen energy is very versatile and can be an energy carrier in addition to instant conversion into electrical energy. A method of generating electricity alongside hydrogen needed to support a trending transition from petrol and diesel over to hydrogen fuel transportation.
As with other forms of “renewable” energy, where the source of fuel is virtually limitless and free, it is the total cost of generation rather than the efficiency that really matters. One may therefore conclude that the bi-metal electrodes are the fuel and would need to be added into the calculation.
Within all electrolysis cells the anode electrode is eventually consumed. Therefore one may conclude that within a galvanic arrangement the less noble metal would be consumed quicker. This is not the case in this application.
H2IL discovered a technique of forcing the electrolyte to become an ionic substance with a more positive potential and therefore effectively becoming the anode. While the process is in a balanced state the two electrodes of the cell become the cathode and do not consume . The controlling system governs this electrochemical process to ensure that the electrolyte remains more anodic than the electrodes, therefore greatly increasing their life.
When stacked up beside other forms of alternative energies this method looks very promising. A fully scalable system that can deliver energy day and night, regardless of wind strength in virtually any location with rapid response to accommodate fluctuating power consumption and grid demand
An eco friendly self-sustaining power source that can fit directly into the current grid without transmission equipment enhancements. A versatile system that can eventually eliminate the larger power grid and provide localised electricity generation along with hydrogen supply.
When solar panels and storage batteries are consumed and decommissioned they will end up as toxic land fill resulting in a huge, repeating environmental impact.
The only active item consumed in the H2IL method of renewable energy is metal electrodes. These decompose naturally over a very long period of time within the process. Breaking down into minute particles that can eventually be recycled or put back into the earth in the same non-toxic form as when they were first mined.
This breakthrough in technology is considered to be the most efficient and versatile energy solution known to modern science.
The first law of thermodynamics states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed; energy can only be transferred or changed from one form to another. It’s not just a written law that governs this, nature and creation prove that energy is matter, and matter does not just appear without a source. This fact however, does not outlaw the option of free energy being added or transferred within the enclosed system, to boost and deliver a greater output energy as stated in the law of thermodynamics. In-fact you are probably already using technologies that does just that.
Yes the common Heat Pump air conditioning unit. These systems are preferred over other means of heating simply because they produce more output thermal energy than the input electrical energy. The energy ratio is typically around 3kW thermal energy for every 1kW of electrical energy consumed, giving an effective efficiency of 300%. One would argue that according to the law of thermodynamics it’s impossible to have an efficiency of more than 100%, as this implies that more energy is being produced than is being put in.
The reason that it appears there is more energy being produced than that consumed, is because the only “valuable” energy input is electricity used to drive the compressor and fans. The remainder of the energy simply transferred from a heat source that would otherwise not be used, such as the ambient air, therefore is not considered as an energy input. The ambient air is, in this example, free energy added or transferred to boost the total efficiency as permitted in the law of thermodynamics.
The efficiency of the H2IL electrochemical energy solution is enhanced in the same way and conforms with the law of thermodynamics. The remainder of the energy that equates to an efficiency greater than 100% simply transfers from a source that would otherwise not be used. The input power is a catalyst that, like the compressor and fans of a heat pump, simply draws in this free energy and enables the conversion to take place.
The free energy that is being transferred is galvanic energy released from bi-metals. Metals of differing voltage potentials are called bi-metal. A typical example is the dry cell torch battery which delivers power from a combination of bi-metals, zinc and Silver, for example, have a potential difference of around 2.4 volts. The two metals of differing galvanic potential, immersed within an electrolyte, cause electrons to move through a circuit, from one metal to the other.
H2IL devised a system that draws in this energy to split the liquid electrolyte and produces pure hydrogen. The science of energy transfer from a natural, free energy source into electrical energy, enables a co-efficiency much greater than 100%. No laws of thermodynamics are being violated but rather supported.
Because the only usable input energy is electricity, H2IL have stated ‘more output energy than input energy’ to emphasize the scale and versatility of this technology. The small amount of input usable energy needed to stimulate the electrochemical reaction is increased many times only due to the added secondary energy which, like to kinetic energy of a generator, provides most the usable output energy.
Not to be undermined however, is the fact that its revolutionary in that most other known energy generation methods is a combination of electrical and kinetic. The combination of electrical and electrical energy makes for an energy generation method that's not reliant on the common kinetic motion from turbines harvesting wind, water steam or sea flow. That is game changing!