* Is efficiency greater than 100% possible ?
* Does it defy laws of thermodynamics ?
* How the natural energy is harvested ?
Since, in this application, galvanic energy is harvested from metals, a slight comparison to nuclear energy could be made. Common nuclear power generation uses an energy stored in certain scarce metals. The nuclear reaction generates thermal energy to boil water into steam that turns turbines. However in H2IL’s Galvanic Enhanced Electrolysis system, hydrogen is generated as the output energy. Unlike steam, hydrogen energy is versatile and can be an energy carrier in addition to instant conversion into electrical energy. A method of generating electricity alongside hydrogen needed to support a trending transition from petrol and diesel over to hydrogen fuel transportation. Storing energy in a bottle and delivering constant supply on demand, unlike batteries.
As with other forms of “renewable” energy, where the source of fuel is virtually limitless and free, it is the total cost of generation rather than the efficiency that really matters. One may therefore conclude that the bi-metal electrodes are the fuel and would need to be added into the calculation.
Within all electrolysis cells the anode electrode is eventually consumed. Therefore one may conclude that within a galvanic arrangement the metals providing the galvanic energy would consume rapidly. However this is not the case in this application.
You could compare the life of the electrodes to that of a batteries electrode which lasts many years of constant charge discharge cycles. The technology does not split the water molecules using brute force electricity, which would consume electrodes. Also the electrolyte is pre-conditioned to become an ionic substance which becomes more anodic than the electrodes. The chemistry is quite complex but accomplishing an energy combination at an ionic level means very little energy loss and ease of molecule separation.
The technology does not require expensive and scarce metals such as platinum, ruthenium or iridium used in most PEM type electrolysers. The electrodes are made from low-cost and abundant metals
Pure hydrogen is generated. In conventional electrolysis including HHO the Anode is a solid metal plate that oxidizes the oxygen ion forming a bubble of oxygen gas. Within the electro-chemical process of this cell, the by-product is very hungry for oxygen ions and consumes ALL the oxygen produced in the process. The Oxygen ion forms a covalent bonds with this Anodic bi-product which in turn is removed with liquid circulation.
We have confirmed the gas quality with: 1/ Oxygen line flow sensors, 2/ Ignition testing 3/ Chemical testing for other impurities and 4/ Direct feed to a PEM Fuel Cell (PEMFC). A PEMFC is very sensitive to impure gas and the performance would drop off should the hydrogen not be 99.99% pure. We achieve a steady 1.73% higher voltage with a 50% load on the PEMFC. (1.73% higher than hydrogen feed from a PEM Electrolyser with a rated 99.99% purity. both gasses were at the same temperature). These results are matched each time we run a three hour test. We have run enough tests on the PEMFC to be convinced that the output hydrogen is extremely pure.
It is also to be noted that the hydrogen is more pure than that obtained from reformation, which inherently has a carbon-monoxide (CO) contamination content as high as 2% in some cases.
There is no toxic by-product produced. When stacked up beside other forms of alternative energies this method has a very small total pollution footprint.
When solar panels and storage batteries are consumed and decommissioned they will end up as toxic land fill resulting in a huge, repeating environmental impact.
The only active item consumed in the H2IL method of renewable energy is metal electrodes. These decompose naturally over a very long period of time within the process. Breaking down into minute particles that can eventually be recycled or put back into the earth in the same non-toxic form as when they were first mined.
View Lab Based Gas Production CCTV Footage
The first law of thermodynamics states that energy can neither be created nor destroyed; energy can only be transferred or changed from one form to another. It’s not just a written law that governs this, nature and creation prove that energy is matter, and matter does not just appear without a source. This fact however, does not outlaw the option of free energy being added or transferred within the enclosed system, to boost and deliver a greater output energy as stated in the law of thermodynamics.
In-fact you are probably already using technologies that does just that. For example the common Heat Pump air conditioning systems which are preferred over other means of heating simply because they produce more output thermal energy than the input electrical energy. The energy ratio is typically around 3kW thermal energy for every 1kW of electrical energy consumed, giving an effective efficiency of 300%. One would argue that according to the law of thermodynamics it’s impossible to have an efficiency of more than 100%, as this implies that more energy is being produced than is being put in.
The reason that, with the heat pump example, it appears there is more energy being produced than consumed, is because the only “valuable” energy input is electricity used to drive the compressor and fans. The remainder of the energy simply transferred from a heat source that would otherwise not be used, such as the ambient air, therefore is not considered as an energy input. The ambient air is, in this example, free energy added or transferred to boost the total efficiency as permitted in the law of thermodynamics.
Another example is an automotive alternator. One may think it generates power from kinetic energy only. However, there is two energies needed for the alternator to generate the electricity to power a car. The bulk of the energy is kinetic, or mechanical, but this will not work without the second electrical energy. From the perspective of input verses output electrical energy there is an energy gain of 16. This is achieved by combining energies. The input electrical energy transforms to a magnetic energy to convert the kinetic energy into electrical energy. The combination of energies causes a greater output electrical energy than the input electrical energy.
The efficiency of the H2IL electrochemical energy solution is enhanced in the same way. The remainder of the energy that equates to an efficiency greater than 100% simply transfers from a source that would otherwise not be used. The input power is a catalyst that, like the compressor of a heat pump or alternator electrical input, simply transforms and combines another energy to form a greater output energy.
The 'free' energy that is being transferred is galvanic energy released from bi-metals. Metals of differing voltage potentials are called bi-metal. A typical example is the dry cell torch battery which delivers power from a combination of bi-metals, zinc and silver, for example, have a potential difference of around 2.4 volts. The two metals of differing galvanic potential, immersed within an electrolyte, cause electrons to move through a circuit, from one metal to the other.
H2IL discovered and developed a system that draws in this energy to split the liquid electrolyte and produces pure hydrogen. The energy transfers from a natural, free energy source into electrical energy that delivers a charge potential between electrodes. Any charge potential between electrodes immersed in an aqueous electrolyte will generate hydrogen.
Because the only usable input energy is electricity, H2IL have stated ‘more output energy than input energy’ to emphasize the magnitude and versatility of this technology. The small amount of input usable energy needed to stimulate the electro-chemical reaction is increased many times only due to the added secondary energy which, like to kinetic energy of a generator, provides most the usable output energy. No laws of thermodynamics are being violated but rather supported.
Not to be undermined however, is the revolutionary method of generating energy. Most other known energy generation means are a combination of electrical and kinetic. The combination of electrical and electrical energy makes for an energy generation method that's not reliant on the common kinetic motion from turbines harvesting wind, water steam or sea flow. That is game changing!